Among the sectors which fosters nationwide development is education by ensuring the development of a practical resource that is human. The organization of strong academic structures contributes to a society populated by enlightened people, who is able to cause positive economic progress and transformation that is social. A Positive social transformation and its associated financial development are accomplished as the people apply the abilities they learned while they had been in college. The acquisition of those skills is facilitated by one person we all ‘teacher’. For this reason, countries seeking economic and developments that are social perhaps not ignore instructors and their part in nationwide development.
Instructors would be the factor that is major drives pupils’ achievements in learning. The performance of teachers generally determines, not merely, the grade of education, however the performance that is general of pupils they train. The instructors on their own consequently ought to have the best of education, so they can in turn assistance train students within the best of methods. It is known, that the caliber of instructors and quality teaching are of the most essential factors that shape the educational and social and growth that is academic of. Quality training will ensure, to a extent that is large teachers are of high quality, so as to have the ability to precisely handle classrooms and facilitate learning. This is why teacher quality continues to be a matter of concern, also, in nations where pupils regularly get high scores in international exams, such as styles in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Such nations, teacher training of prime importance due to the potential it has to cause students that are positive achievements.
The dwelling of instructor education keeps changing in just about all nations in response to the quest of producing instructors whom understand the existing needs of pupils or perhaps the demand for teachers. The changes are tries to ensure that quality instructors are manufactured and sometimes simply to make sure that classrooms are not free from instructors. Into the U.S.A, just how to market high quality instructors was a concern of contention and, for the last decade approximately, happens to be inspired, basically, through the strategy recommended by the No Child put aside Act (Accomplished California Teachers, 2015). Even yet in Japan and other Eastern countries where there are many instructors than needed, and structures have been instituted to make sure quality that is high are manufactured and used, issues concerning the teacher and teaching quality are nevertheless of concern (Ogawa, Fujii & Ikuo, 2013). Instructor training is consequently no laughing matter anywhere. This article is in two parts. It first discusses Ghana’s teacher training system as well as in the second part looks at some determinants of quality training.
2.0 TEACHER EDUCATION
Ghana was making deliberate tries to produce quality teachers on her behalf fundamental school classrooms. As Benneh (2006) suggested, Ghana’s goal of teacher training is to provide a complete instructor training system through the provision of initial instructor training and in-service training programs, which will create competent teachers, who will help improve the effectiveness of the teaching and learning that continues on in schools. The Initial teacher education system for Ghana’s fundamental college instructors had been offered in Colleges of Education (CoE) only, until quite recently when, University of Education, University of Cape Coast, Central University College as well as other tertiary institutions joined in. The most striking difference between the programs offered by the other tertiary institution is that while the Universities teach, examine and award certificates with their pupils, the Colleges of Education offer tuition while the University of Cape Coast, through the Institute of Education, examines and award certificates. Working out programs offered by these institutions are efforts at providing many qualified teachers to teach into the schools. The National Accreditation Board accredits instructor training programs in order to ensure quality.
The National Accreditation Board accredits teacher education programs in line with the structure and content associated with courses proposed by the organization. Hence, the courses run by different institutions differ in content and structure. For instance, the program content for the Institute of Education, University of Cape Coast is slightly different from the course structure and content regarding the Center for keep Education, University of Cape Coast and none of these two programs fits compared to the CoEs, though they all Diploma that is award in Education (DBE) after 36 months of training. The DBE while the Four-year Untrained instructor’s Diploma in Basic Education (UTDBE) programs run by the CoEs are just similar, however similar. The exact same can be said of the Post-Diploma that is two-year in Education, Four-year Bachelor’s degree programs run by the University of Cape Coast, the University of Education, Winneba and also the other Universities and University Colleges. In effect despite the fact that, exact same services and products attract same customers, the planning associated with the products are done in different methods.
Its through these many programs that teachers are prepared for the fundamental schools – from nursery to senior high schools. Alternate paths, or programs by which teachers are ready are seen to be good in circumstances where you will find shortages of teachers and much more teachers ought to be trained within a very time that is short. A example that is typical the UTDBE system, mentioned above, which design to equip non-professional teachers with expert skills. But this attempt to create more instructors, due to shortage of teachers, has got the tendency of comprising quality.