Designation: A – 05e1 ASTM Standards: 2 1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel. The ASTM A passivation standard ensures high quality results for passivated stainless steel. Learn how Able Electropolishing meets these standards. ASTM A – Designation: A – 05 Standard Speci?cation for Chemical Passivation Treatment.
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A — 05 Standard Speci? A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. It includes recommendations and precautions for descaling, cleaning, and passivation of stainless steel parts.
It includes several alternative tests, with acceptance criteria, for con? Appendix X1 gives some nonmandatory information and provides some general guidelines regarding the selection of passivation treatment appropriate to particular grades of stainless steel. It makes no recommendations regarding the suitability of any grade, treatment, or acceptance criteria for any particular application or class of applications.
These tests include the following practices: The SI units given in parentheses are for information only. This standard does not purport to address all of a967-5 safety concerns, if any, associated with its use.
It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
The presence of exogenous surface contamination, including dirt, grease, free iron from contact with steel tooling, and so forth, may interfere with the formation of the passive? The cleaning of these contaminants from the stainless steel surface will facilitate the spontaneous passivation by allowing the oxygen uniform access to the surface.
Current edition approved Sept. Originally approved s967-05 Last previous edition approved in as A — 01e1. Such treatments, also sometimes called passivation in common usage, are designated as post-cleaning treatments in this speci?
The surface of stainless steel that has been pickled is free of scale, free iron, and exogenous foreign matter, and does not require a separate treatment for passivation as de? The passivation process de? The z967-05 of stainless steel resulting from these treatments is free of scale, free iron, and exogenous foreign matter, and does not require a separate treatment for passivation as de?
Statements regarding chemical treatments, unless otherwise speci? Determination of the suitability of this speci?
ASTM A967 Passivation Standard
Materials and Preparation for Passivation Treatments 5. The effectiveness of a particular treatment for a ast, grade of stainless steel in satm particular application is demonstrated by meeting the speci? Attention shall be given to maintaining adequate volume, concentration, purity, and temperature control appropriate to the size and amount of stainless steel to be treated. Such records shall be available for inspection when speci? The processor is not required to reveal the precise composition of proprietary chemical mixtures but shall maintain a unique identi?
When electrochemical cleaning is required, it shall be performed in accordance with Practice B Treatments in Nitric Acid Solutions 6. Treatments in Citric Acid 7. Immersion bath to be controlled at a pH of 1. Such treatments may include externally applying an electrical potential on the stainless steel parts, as in the case of electropolishing.
The suitability of such passivation treatments for use in 3 meeting the requirements of this speci? NOTE 1—The selection of medium and procedures for a neutralization depends of the chemistry of the passivation and on economic considerations. An example of a medium that serves to accelerate the formation of the passive? The parts shall then be thoroughly dried.
Lot, Wstm of Testing, and Selection of Test Not all of the following tests are suitable for all grades of stainless steel. NOTE 2—Some of the tests may produce positive indications not satm with the presence of free 9a67-05 on the stainless steel surface.
An example would be application of Practice C on some lesser-alloyed martensitic or ferritic stainless steels. Practice D—Copper Sulfate Test This test shall not be applied to parts to be used in food processing.
At the end of this period, the surface shall be carefully rinsed and dried with care taken not to disturb copper deposits if a9677-05. It is recommended for detection of free awtm on austenitic and series stainless steels.
This test is not recommended for detection of free iron on ferritic or martensitic series stainless steels, because these steels will give a positive indication irrespective of the presence or absence of anodic surface contaminants. The test solution shall be mixed fresh on the day of the test.
The formation of a dark blue color within 30 s denotes the presence of metallic iron. Practice A—Water Immersion Test This cycle shall be repeated a minimum of twelve times. Practice B—High Humidity Atsm Practice C—Salt Spray Test Practice F—Free Iron Test It is especially useful for large parts that have been uniformly cleaned but that are inconvenient for reasons of size of astn or ease of handling of the part to place in the environments de?
The cloth shall be in contact with the steel for an area of at least 20 square inches cm2. The pad shall be maintained wet through the test period, either by a method of retarding external evaporation, by the further addition of potable water, or by backing the pad with a sponge or similar water source. The cloth pad used shall be used for only one such test, being changed for each test so as to avoid risk of contamination.
After removal of the cloth pad, the surface of the part shall be allowed to dry in air before inspection. Rejection and Retest A rejected lot may, at the option of the processor, be re-passivated, with or without re-pretreatment, and then be retested.
ASTM A – 05 Standard Specification for Chemical Passivation Treatments for Stainless Steel Parts
The number of samples tested from a lot subject to retest shall be twice the original speci? All samples must pass the speci? Precision and Bias Minor changes have been made in the text to facilitate references to the main document and to correct technical inaccuracies.
These particles must be removed or they will appear as rust or stain spots. This condition may be prevented by chemically treating the parts to remove the iron particles or other foreign particles, and then allowing the passive?
Rinsing can be accomplished by a combination of stagnant, countercurrent asstm spray rinses, or both, prior to? QQ-PC, but also includes a number of alternative a96705 treatments.
The effectiveness of any passivation treatment is demonstrated by the parts meeting the speci? Cleaning by mechanical methods or other chemical methods is a96705.
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