Title, Geomorfologia fluvial. Geomorfologia fluvial, Antonio Christofoletti. Author, Antonio Christofoletti. Publisher, Editora Edgard Blücher, Export Citation. Rio de Janeiro 34 (), 58 (a) Christofoletti, A.; Bol. Geogr. Teoretica Rio Claro 6(11/12), 67 (b) Christofoletti, A.: Geomorfologia Univ. São Paulo Geomorfologia (Em Portuguese do Brasil) [Christofoletti] on *FREE * shipping on qualifying offers. Objetivando estudar as formas de relevo a.
|Published (Last):||7 January 2007|
|PDF File Size:||7.27 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.61 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In the s, one institution was emblematic, acting as sounding board for the pragmatic and scientific thinking of the Theoretical and Quantitative Geography in the country: We acknowledge key characters associated with this institution, who did not only engage in apologetic speech but also produced texts with reflective and applied content. Furthermore, we describe the reasons underlying reproaches endured by Brazilian theoretical geographers.
The virtual heirs to a geography engaged in defending technical and linguistic accuracy found themselves acting under a condition of exclusion that soon hastened the rise of a long season of decay for the Rio Claro institution.
Undoubtedly, since the s, the use of numerical treatment of data has given visibility to optimized reasoning. They reported not only on the local dynamics but also on the contacts established with researchers and Departments from other regions and countries. Morrill and P. Haggettfor example, did this in their narratives about the Seattle and Cambridge experiences, respectively.
There is also research based on the analysis of texts and the collection of testimonies, with studies on the manifestation of this movement outside its original Anglo-Saxon territory, for example. In this case, some authors highlighted the partnership between actors who were geographically close or distant e.
A partnership that presupposed periodic exchanges and encounters. Cuyala proposed an interesting model of dissemination in line with the first type of study more precisely focusing on the French-speaking case. Her work, by emphasizing the articulation between this episode and the political history of Brazil, is in line with the second modality of study. The aforementioned analyses by Haggett, Cuyala, and Lamego, respectively, find certain corresponding elements in our case study.
Particularly because of three ideas we present: Although we do not have iconographic intentions in this article, we think that this kind of interpretative contribution has great explanatory potential. The purpose of the Institute was to support political decisions based on strategic information.
Christofoletti, Antônio 1936-
Cristofoletti new mathematical resources equipped its technical board with additional skills. Indeed, the Institute sponsored scientific visits of several foreign professors for training Brazilian researchers. Like other English-speaking visitors, they taught courses on mathematical and statistical techniques, instructing Brazilian researchers to apply quantitative procedures to different studies: Local applications involved different themes, such as issues of agricultural geography and geomorphology.
It is important to mention that local Professors were already familiar christofoletgi these themes or preferred them. Therefore, the new tools were ultimately functional.
Geomorfologia – Antonio – Free Download PDF
In other words, they fulfilled the function of refining the treatment of existing themes. They were mostly public servers of governmental technical organizations; hence, their studies had to generate useful diagnoses and databases to geomorfologgia planning and management demands.
This is a possible explanation for the greater number of essays containing relections on epistemological matters produced in Rio Claro. Both events took place in Rio de Janeiro. The former was a great opportunity for Brazilians to interact with foreign researchers once again, while the latter turned out to be a good occasion for representatives from both Brazilian centers — Rio de Janeiro and Rio Claro — to announce their accomplishments. The motivation for this research project was the lack of textual records on Brazilian geographical thinking.
More precisely, records containing a diagnosis on the philosophical affiliation of scientific discourse and the development of local groups. As it can be deduced, the range of topics christofpletti wide. There are two paths for a science historian geographer: Both alternatives improve the perception on how to think and practice geographical science.
In Brazil, only recently such investigations on the history of thinking became attractive to a significant number of researchers. The following endeavors reveal such effort: Kozeland by A. Vitte and P. Over the last four years, we have been reexamining major selected texts. In addition to christofolwtti methodological practice of returning to primary and secondary sources, we also listened to the interviews once again and carefully polished the transcriptions.
This led us to rediscover a fairly valuable material.
We think that this is the only way that historiographic research, as well as research that draws attention to the local dimension of science, may indeed have some scientific relevance. If we want these studies to be useful to any future comparative studies — the European versus American case, for instance — then it is essential to confront the inductive spirit inherent to the investigation of regional episodes with the deductive reasoning derived from the claims, present in certain manuals, that geographical science has evolved in a more or less replicable pattern.
From the Sociology of Knowledge e. Therefore, these tendencies guided the inquiry of researchers interested in the contextual dimension of scientific practice whether it is time or place. The term encompasses sociology, but also history, anthropology, and recent cultural studies related to science and gender, for example. This new Philosophy of Science began to emerge during the s — when some scholars realized the importance of drawing attention to historical factors and social representations L.
The emergence of this historicist perspective definitively impacted on the metascientific reflections that came later e. Its influence was felt on issues such as: It subjects everything to relativism, even abstractions of pure mathematics, given that human cognition would always reflect the social order.
This have led social scientists to experience the working place of other scientists, in order to observe how knowledge is built there e. In this research program, detailed descriptions are very important. Fertile and stimulating contacts between Science Studies and the history of science have also occurred in Britain, with researchers from Edinburgh and Cambridge, for example.
Meanwhile, in continental Europe, ethnographic approaches with Latour in France, and Knorr-Cetina in Germany gave a strong impetus to the study of meticulous and concrete practices Daston, Some might argue that a perspective solely centered on the place of scientific production reveals nothing beyond what the sociology of scientific knowledge already explains.
Therefore, to say that knowledge originated in a specific place could minimize the importance of past events from which knowledge derived.
There are details waiting for further clarification: How widespread is this movement? And what is the cause of this movement? Science is a local product, but how does it successfully travel around?
This is how historians of particular sciences began to realize the space factor. Ironically, historians of geography have not been so attentive to it. This theory shows how spaces are connected to each other, so that certain actors or centers determine the conduct of other actors at a distance.
A locality, when dominant, may grant certain actors the ability to be prescriptvists and to put forward recommendations to actors from other locations. But ANT also maintains that, as a result of an action-at-a-distance, local behaviors can be proscribed and a center can dominate its periphery.
Therefore, in designing a networked space, one can investigate the various forms of remote control Murdoch, Nevertheless, it is important to reflect on how the socio-spatial conditions of the episode under analysis can be framed within a methodology supported by studies of historiography of science. It is not limited to surveys from existing sources.
Of course, these are still very useful sources for reinterpretations, but the contemporary historian is also able to create his own material for example, combining interviews with already documented sources.
It is clear that the researcher should not place complete confidence in what his or her interlocutor says in an interview or questionnaire. These procedures tend to clarify only those questions that the historian previously considered interesting or relevant. Informal contacts with the characters, in addition to the analysis of their texts, is frequent in current historiographies of science.
Nevertheless, the researcher should be fully aware of methodological problems. The researcher starts working from publications on the matter and archives approved by the community of experts in the field i. But the researcher will, forcibly, select what he or she thinks is representative.
The stories will not necessarily fit into each other, because the characters themselves may find it difficult to accurately reconstruct what they have accomplished or witnessed Kragh, But according to our hypothesis, this regional event did not simply represent an engagement against traditional scientific practices.
It also included local peculiarities — such as the concern to adapt theoretical models and to reflect on methodological gains. During that time, there were other Geography programs: Consequently, the model of Geography established for education and research in Rio Claro followed the canons of the regional French school: Dias da Silveira conducted a thorough survey to identify regional demands for university programs.
Upon the evident need to train new Geography teachers regionally, Dias da Silveira was dedicated to equip the new institution with competent professionals and high-quality cartographic and bibliographic materials. When traveling to Europe and the United States, he gathered collections of key journals: This structure would very soon benefit from the conditions to absorb scientific news. For instance, through the adoption of a rather aprioristic and hypothetical-deductive model of science.
Nevertheless, due to the strenght of French-inspired empirical and literary procedures, studies based on theoretical structures and mathematical techniques sounded eccentric. Therefore, the resistance was also locally dominant. At the time, USP was already considered a parameter of high-quality education in Brazil.
Its Department of Geography was the working scenario for figures that historiography would soon celebrate for their alignment with the canons of French Geography. In addition to good attributes, the Vidalian paradigm also manifested its contradictions in this famous center.
Among the inconsistencies, an undisguised incoherence: It would not be long before a few minds realized the conflict and sought an antidote in the vicinity of logical reasoning.
But it was certainly not at USP, the overseas territory, so to speak, of French Geography, that such minds appeared.
The professionals were Carlos A. Monteiro and Elza Keller. They gathered around them students who were interested in their respective fields of study. A pioneer of rhythmic and systemic analysis in Brazilian Climatology, Monteiro remained in Rio Claro for three years, from to Keller, in turn, following the French thematic tradition, trained several students in specialized courses on agricultural studies — naturally driven to explore regional manifestations christofoeltti the agricultural environment.
Diniz and Antonio O. Ceron defended their doctoral dissertations.