Combining history, sociology, and political commentary, Sarmiento explores the Facundo, Or, Civilization and Barbarism Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. A classic work of Latin American literature, Domingo Sarmiento’s Facundo has become an integral part of the history, politics, and culture of Latin America since . opposing values of Civilization and Barbarism. It was suggested that 1 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Facundo: Civilización y barbarie, El Libro de. Bolsillo.
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Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Facundo by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Mary Peabody Mann Translation. Ostensibly a biography of the gaucho barbarian Juan Facundo Quiroga, Facundo is also a complex, passionate work of history, sociology, and political commentary, and Latin America’s most important essay of the nineteenth century. Paperbackpages.
Published October 1st by Penguin Classics first published El ChachoFacundo Quiroga. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Facundoplease sign up. Estefi I don’t think than this book could like you.
For learn about this time in history i will recomend you El matadero. See 1 question about Facundo…. Lists with This Book. There are relative few works of politics and history that can be regarded as great literature. Written inFacundo: Civilization and Barbarism tells of the civil war that erupted soon after Argentina declared and won its independence from Spain.
On one side were the gaucho ca There are relative few works of politics and history that can be regarded as great literature.
On one side were the gaucho caudillos such as Juan Manuel Rosas and Facundo Quiroga, who fought on the side of the Federales. On the other side were Rivadavia, Paz, and the Unitarioswho wanted a unified Argentina ruled from Buenos Aires and subjected to European influences with regard to commerce, education, and culture.
Sarmiento describes domnigo early culture war eloquently: These men [ Federales ], Spaniards only in their language and in the confused religious notions preserved among them, must be seen, before a right estimate can be made of the indomitable and haughty character which grows out of this struggle of isolated man with untamed nature, of the rational being with the brute. It is necessary to see thyeir visages bristling with beards, their countenances as grave and serious as the Arabs of Asia, to appreciate the pitying scorn with which they look upon the sedentary denizen of the city, samriento may have bqrbarism many books, but who cannot overthrow and slay a fuierce bull, who could not provide himself with a horse from the pampas, who has never met a tiger alone, and received him with a dagger in one hand and a poncho rolled up in the other, to be thrust into the animal’s mouth, while he transfixes his heart with his dagger If this sounds anything like the Khmer Rouge of Cambodia or the Sendero Luminoso of Peru, it is because both were anti-urban movements.
At one time, Facundo Quiroga, a bloody cutthroat who had his military prisoners executed and who robbed the citizens of the cities he conquered, controlled almost all of Northwest Argentina, while his cohots Rosas, Lopez, and Ferre controlled Buenos Aires and the Pampas. It was a bleak time in Argentinean history — a time virtually unknown outside of South America.
You will see glimpses of the war in the writings of Jorge Luis Borges, but only Sarmiento gives all the details: The Covilization Revolutionary War was twofold: The cities overcame the Spaniards, and were in their turn overcome by the country districts. This is the explanation of the Argentine Revolution, the first shot of which was fired inand the last is still [as of ] to be heard.
Fortunately for Argentine history, Quiroga was assassinated and somewhat later Rosas was defeated and hustled into exile. It was only then that Argentina could begin to have the history of a civilized nation — though it lapsed once again rather badly in the s with the rule of the junta under Videla, Viola, fausgino Galtieri and the “Dirty War” against the montonero guerrillas and their many thousands of sympathizers.
But that is another story. Pero cuando dejaba de leerlo me costaba agarrarlo de nuevo, tiende a ser tedioso. Sin embargo no por eso deja de ser espectacular. Sep 22, Agustina Bogado rated it really liked it Shelves: Fue una lectura que disfrute mucho pero que no consigue sus 5 estrellas por aburrirme en algunas pocas partes.
Jul 01, Marshall Comstock rated it it was ok. Sarmiento makes some cool points. He plays a huge role in Argentine bararism and is responsible for many wonderful aspects of Argentine culture, but ultimately I get the feeling he was just kind of a snobby old racist who hated anyone who wasn’t a white european wannabe. Jun 14, Daniel Polansky added it Shelves: Y el hombre que se muestra en esta obra es un ser de otro universo.
Jul 24, Marie rated it it was ok. I agree with his criticisms of Rosas, but comparing gauchos to arabs to imply that they, aborigins and Spaniards are uncivilized as opposed to Anglo-Saxons and Frenchmen is taking things a bit too far.
The prose was dense and not engaging at all. It’s even funnier to find that he and Quiroga were distantly related. Basically, if there’s something I share with Sarmiento is my grumpy lack of comformism towards barbaism who hold power. He was pretty fausyino your “progressive”, black le I agree with his criticisms of Rosas, but comparing gauchos to arabs to imply that they, aborigins and Spaniards are uncivilized as opposed to Anglo-Saxons and Frenchmen is taking things a bit too far.
He was pretty much your “progressive”, black legend consumer and perpetrator.
Sure, he did a lot for education and as president of the country, no sense in denying this, but this remains almost absolutely unreadable. May 21, Lena Gilmore rated it it was ok Civilizatiln Pero en fin, si quieren, leanlo. View all 4 comments. Dec 10, Monty Milne rated it really liked it. What a gallery of rogues is presented here, more than enough to make anyone thank their lucky stars they were not born in Argentina in the first half of the 19th century How far our author can be trusted I am not so sure – he was perhaps too close in time to the events he describes, and too far away morally and philosophically from most of the protagonists – to be a wholly trustworthy observer.
Facundo: or Civilization and Barbarism
And yet, he seems to have been a genuinely Good Thing, in sad contrast to the vast majority of the grotesque personalities bafbarism describes. Now and then, a monster like Facundo – rapist, torturer, murderer, brigand, liar, braggart, thief – comes up against an opponent with better principles and a bigger army.
But just when you think the repulsive criminal will get his come-uppance at last, his opponents throw away all the advantages of position, numbers and morale by the most extraordinary military ineptitude. If there is a common theme which seems to bind all the protagonists in this sorry story, it is that they almost all seem to have a combination of suicidal personal bravery with the grossest strategic incompetence. At times, one just shakes one’s head in fascinated disbelief like the account of the general who loses a battle because he is domungo from his horse while leading from the front Don’t cry for me Argentina could be Facundo’s epitaph, but one could weep for the tragedies he caused – and not least because their long shadow extends as far as our own day.
Other GR reviewers make reference to Sarmiento’s alleged racism. Yes, there are some scornful references to the Indians beyond the southern borders, but this is because they are “barbarians”, not because they are Indians per se. Sarmiento snd liberal, civilised values as he sees them over “barbarism” and superstition, as exemplified by Facundo and Rosas.
This is an elitist view but not a racist one: Many personalities in this book are brave, but only a few are morally admirable, and almost none are competent in the discharge of their duties.
Barcala, however, is unique in being all three, and has Sarmiento’s and my unqualified admiration. Alas, it is no surprise that he meets a sticky end Dec 10, Juan Fulugonio rated it really liked it Shelves: Una obra que trata un capitulo de la historia argentina pasada, pero cuyos conceptos e ideas perduraron en todo el siglo XX y lo siguen haciendo. May 02, Daniel rated it liked it Recommends it for: These South American cowboys and barbarians are such fucking men.
Best passage of the book: The rest of the book is pretty boring. Jun 03, Juan Manuel Ontivero rated it it was amazing. Aug 24, Fernando Guerra rated it really liked it Shelves: A book filled with somewhat uncomfortable insights to us latin americans, regarding politics in newly independent colonies during the first half of the nineteenth century. I found it brilliant, and can vaguely relate to other reviews labeling Sarmiento as “racist” or something similar, but there’s hardly anything to discuss about the extremely lucid explanations he gives on the conflict of methodologies and paradigms when it comes to rule a city or a whole country or even wage war “a la americ A book filled with somewhat uncomfortable insights to us latin americans, regarding politics in newly independent colonies during the first half of the nineteenth century.
I found it brilliant, and can vaguely relate to other reviews labeling Sarmiento as “racist” or something similar, but there’s hardly anything to discuss about the extremely lucid explanations he gives on the conflict of methodologies and paradigms when it comes to rule a city or a whole country or even wage war “a la americana” or “a la europea”.
There’s nothing I would improve or refute when analyzing or discussing sociological and political topics something that deserves to be praised about this book, as its analysis, insight and lucidity strikes me as uncommonly clear and direct, especially noting its historic momentbut I do have to say that the book starts to feel incredibly heavy the moment he starts bombing the pages with not necessarily relevant anecdotes partially or completely unrelated to the tale being told, an almost classical tragedy featuring two warlords falling victims of their synthetically separate environments.
Verdad que hoy mismo es ocultada, ne Interesante libro. Verdad que hoy mismo es ocultada, negada, repudiada. Pero no sin generar sus propias controversias.
Tristemente, hay enormes cantidades de personas con altos honores educativos, que ni siquiera saben o han escuchado de este libro. Oct 24, Zachary Rudolph rated it liked it. It is true that it degrades men, impoverishes them, and takes from them all elasticity of mind, but it extorts more from a state in one day than it would have given in ten years; and what does the rest matter to the Czar of Russia, the bandit chief, or the Argentine commander?
Oct 19, Agustina.
Facundo: Civilization and Barbarism – Domingo Faustino Sarmiento – Google Books
Muy interesante, pero puede hacerse muy pesado. Estos pasajes son de una insolita actualidad, asi como el debate en el cual se tensiona el libro. El titulo, cicilizacion y barbarie, da cuenta de esa tension claramente.
Pero hay muchos momentos de brillantez en esta obra suya, y la belleza de su prosa es indiscutible. Sarmiento era un tipo muy interesante. Hay unitarios heroicos y queribles, y federales autoritarios.
Y se puede ser muy racista y escribir muy bien.