Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control PDF – Free download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Tag Archives: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control – IP On a big scale this is known as Farmscaping, and you can read about it in. Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control. $ This publication contains information about increasing and managing biodiversity on a farm to favor.
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However, using this approach without knowledge of key pests and the interaction among plants, pests and natural enemies may lead to failure.
(fwd) New: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control [ATTRA]
Flowering plants provide many of the food resources natural enemies need. Sampling of crop plants should be done at least weekly.
In planning the farmscape it is important to identify specific plants, planting situations, and management practices that best support populations of beneficial organisms. Interplantings of non-host crops may also act as a food source or habitat for beneficial organisms.
Intercropping, companion planting and trap cropping are three examples:. In this phased approach to on-farm pest management planning, farmscaping 2nd phase is integrated with other pest management strategies.
For example goldenrod and fennel can be planted to harbor aphids that serve as hosts for early-season predator species. Planting a diversity of flowering plants to enhance biological control has been referred to as “chocolate box ecology” because of the colorful floral display.
Rather, it is an ecological approach or tool that can be combined with other pest management strategies as part of an integrated organic pest management program. Strip cropping is a derivation of intercropping and is the practice of growing two or more crops in alternating strips across a field.
Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control | Horticulture International
To attract small parasitic wasps or ladybugs with a much more limited range, it is necessary to establish food plants in several areas conrtol close proximity to the crop. The supplemental nectar enhsnce by extrafloral nectaries is important, especially during the early season or periods of drought when few plants are in bloom.
Insect sampling guidelines are available online. This is a broad topic that refers to the addition of specific plants to enhance the growth and quality of nearby crops. View publishing information about this page. Flowering medicinal plants like echinacea, fever few, and boneset also have multiple uses.
Flowers that provide pollen.
This is where you can find research-based information from America’s land-grant universities enabled by eXtension. For more information, refer to eOrganic’s articles on organic certification. This is an eOrganic article and was reviewed for compliance with National Organic Program regulations by members of the eOrganic community.
Advances in Habitat Manipulation for Arthropods Insectary plants like mustards interplanted with market crops provide pollen and nectar to attract and maintain beneficial insects in the crop landscape. Ideal farmscape plantings provide food and shelter for beneficial organisms, suppress weeds, and grow in close proximity to the cash crop without competing for space light, water and nutrients. Once the farmscape is in place, regular monitoring of plants will indicate whether a healthy population of beneficial insects has been established.
Early research demonstrated that biological control of insect pests can be achieved if significant numbers of natural enemies are present at critical times during pest development. Flowers or extra-floral nectaries provide nectar.
Farmscaping: Making Use of Nature’s Pest Management Services – eXtension
Therefore, a flexible approach is needed to be able to adjust beneficial habitat according to weather conditions. Another good pollen producer is the corn plant.
Intercropping is the practice of growing two or more crops usually different families in the same area. Geoff Zehnder, Clemson University. The optimum area of the farm devoted to farmscaping depends upon the dispersion capabilities of the beneficials you want to attract see Table 1 below.
Follow this link to a sample budget for establishment and maintenance of farmsxaping insect habitat: Pest management systems guide [Online]. Simply adding attractive flowering plants to the farmscape without knowledge of the biology and behavior of key pest and natural enemy species will not result in effective biological control.
Browse related by Tag organic productioneorganic. For each market crop to be grown, make a list of the most damaging pests farmscapung require management; then for each pest, try to answer the following questions:. Once information is available on key pests and their natural enemies, the following strategies can be considered:. Farmscaping aims bioogical prevent damaging levels of pests from developing in the crop ecosystem. More research is needed to understand the complex interactions among pests, natural enemies, and mixed crop habitats.
Many plants in the Umbelliferae family are good sources of pollen.
Farmscaping: Making Use of Nature’s Pest Management Services
An excellent reference on the topic is Ecological Engineering for Pest Management: Alfalfa planted as a trap crop in strawberries to control tarnished plant bug. Observation and experience are the most valuable tools in this regard. Remember also that farmscaping plants can add value beyond biological control.