Goethe, Faust: Parts I and II. A new complete downloadable English translation of Faust. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. 5 нов. Transcript of Johan Volfgang Gete. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe bio je nemački pisac, političar, pesnik, naučnik i filozof, a tokom 10 godina i.
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His works include four novels; epic and lyric poetry ; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism ; and treatises on botany volfgajg, anatomyand colour.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10, letters, and nearly 3, drawings by him extant. A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-WeimarKarl Augustin after taking up residence there in November following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther He was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang literary movement.
During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe was a member of the Duke’s privy councilsat on the war and highway commissions, oversaw the reopening of silver mines in nearby Ilmenauand implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena. Goethe’s first major scientific work, the Metamorphosis of Plantswas published after he returned from a tour of Italy.
Inhe was made managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and in he began a friendship with the dramatisthistorian, and philosopher Friedrich Schillerwhose plays he premiered until Schiller’s death in During this period, Goethe published his second novel, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship ; the verse epic Hermann and Dorotheaand, inthe first part of his most celebrated drama, Faust.
Goethe’s comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, notably Johann Peter Eckermann ‘s Conversations with Goethe. Though he had studied law in Leipzig and had been appointed Imperial Councillor, he was not involved in the city’s official affairs. His father and private tutors gave Goethe lessons in all the common subjects of their time, especially languages LatinGreekFrench, Italian, English and Hebrew. Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing.
Johann Caspar, feeling frustrated in his own ambitions, was determined that his children should have all those advantages that he had not. Although Goethe’s great passion was drawing, he quickly became interested in literature; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Homer were among his early favorites. He had a lively devotion to theater as well and was greatly fascinated by puppet shows that were annually arranged in his home; this is a recurrent theme in his literary work Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship.
He also took great pleasure in reading works on history and religion. He writes about this period:. I had from childhood the singular habit of always learning by heart the beginnings of books, and the divisions of a work, first of the five books of Mosesand then of the ‘ Aeneid ‘ and Ovid ‘s ‘Metamorphoses’. If an ever busy imagination, of which that tale may bear witness, led me hither and thither, if the medley of fable and history, mythology and religion, threatened to bewilder me, I readily fled to those oriental regions, plunged into the first books of Moses, and there, amid the scattered shepherd tribes, found myself at once in the greatest solitude and the greatest society.
Goethe became also acquainted with Frankfurt actors. Goethe studied law at Leipzig University from to Inhe anonymously released Annettehis first collection of poems. His uncritical admiration for many contemporary poets vanished as he became interested in Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Christoph Martin Wieland. Already at this time, Goethe wrote a good deal, but he threw away nearly all of these works, except for the comedy Die Mitschuldigen.
The restaurant Auerbachs Keller and its legend of Faust’s barrel ride impressed him so much that Auerbachs Keller became the only real place in his closet drama Faust Part One. As his studies did not progress, Goethe was forced to return to Frankfurt at the close of August Goethe became severely ill in Frankfurt. During the year and a half that followed, because of several relapses, the relationship with his father worsened.
During convalescence, Goethe was nursed by his mother and sister. In AlsaceGoethe blossomed. No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area. The two became close friends, and crucially to Goethe’s intellectual development, Herder kindled his interest in ShakespeareOssian and in the notion of Volkspoesie folk poetry.
Faust — Part 1 by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
On 14 October Goethe held a gathering in his parental home in honour of the first German “Shakespeare Day”. His johaan acquaintance with Shakespeare’s works is described as his personal awakening in literature. On a trip to the village SessenheimGoethe fell in love with Friederike Brionin October  but, after ten months, terminated the relationship in August At the end of AugustGoethe acquired the academic degree of fausr Lizenziat Licentia docendi in Vete and established a small legal practice.
Although in his academic work bolfgang had expressed the ambition to make jurisprudence progressively more humane, his inexperience led him to proceed too vigorously in his first cases, and he was reprimanded and lost further ones.
This prematurely terminated his career as a lawyer after only a few months. At this time, Goethe was acquainted with the court of Darmstadtwhere his inventiveness was praised.
Goethe also pursued literary plans again; this time, his father did not have anything against it, and even helped. Goethe obtained a copy of the biography of a noble highwayman from the German Peasants’ War.
Goethe’s Faust – Wikipedia
In a couple of weeks the biography was reworked into a colourful drama. Goethe could not subsist on being one of the editors of a literary periodical johsn by Schlosser and Merck. In May he once more began the practice of law jouan Wetzlar. Gere he wrote the book which would bring him worldwide fame, The Sorrows of Young Werther. In later years Goethe would bypass this problem by periodically authorizing “new, revised” editions of his Complete Works. Goethe thus went to live in Weimarwhere he remained for the rest of his life and where, over the course of many years, he held a succession of offices, becoming the Duke’s friend and chief adviser.
InGoethe formed a close relationship to Charlotte von Steinan older, married woman. The intimate bond with von Stein lasted for ten years, after which Goethe abruptly left for Italy without giving his companion any notice. She was emotionally distraught at the time, but they were eventually reconciled.
Goethe, aside from official duties, was also a friend and confidant to the Duke, and participated fully in johzn activities of the court. For Goethe, his first ten years at Weimar could well be described as a garnering of a degree and range of experience which perhaps could be achieved in no other way.
Inwhen the chancellor of the Duchy’s Exchequer left his office, Goethe agreed to act in his place for two and a half years; this post virtually made him prime minister and the principal representative of the Duchy. Daniel Wilson claims that Goethe engaged in negotiating the forced sale of vagabonds, criminals, and political dissidents as part of these activities.
Goethe’s journey to the Italian peninsula and Sicily from to was of great significance in his aesthetic and philosophical development. His father had made a similar journey during his own youth, and his example was a major motivating factor for Goethe to make the trip.
More importantly, however, the work of Johann Joachim Winckelmann had provoked a general renewed interest in the classical art of ancient Greece and Rome.
Thus Goethe’s journey had something of the nature of a volftang to it. During the course of his trip Goethe met and befriended the artists Angelica Kauffman and Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbeinas well as encountering such notable characters as Lady Hamilton and Alessandro Cagliostro see Affair of the Diamond Necklace.
He also journeyed to Sicily during this time, and wrote intriguingly that “To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is to not have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything.
Winckelmann had not recognized the distinctness of the johqn styles. Goethe’s diaries of this period form the basis volftang the non-fiction Italian Journey. Italian Journey only covers the first year of Goethe’s visit. The remaining year is largely undocumented, aside from the fact that he spent much of it in Venice.
This “gap in the record” has been the source of much speculation over the years. In the decades which immediately followed its publication inItalian Journey inspired countless German youths to follow Goethe’s example.
This is pictured, somewhat satirically, in George Eliot ‘s Middlemarch. Again during the Siege of Mainz he assisted Gte August as a military observer. His written account of these events can be found within his Complete Works. InFriedrich Schiller wrote to Goethe offering friendship; they had previously had only a mutually wary getf ever since first becoming acquainted in This collaborative friendship lasted until Schiller’s death in On 13 October, Napoleon ‘s army invaded the town. The French “spoon guards,” the least disciplined soldiers, occupied Goethe’s house:.
The ‘spoon guards’ had broken in, they had drunk wine, made a great uproar and called for the master of the house. Goethe’s secretary Riemer reports: His dignified figure, commanding respect, and his spiritual mien seemed to impress even them. Vofgang at night they burst into his bedroom with drawn bayonets. Goethe was petrified, Christiane raised a lot of noise and even tangled with them, other people who had taken refuge in Goethe’s house rushed in, and so gee marauders eventually withdrew again.
It was Christiane who commanded and organized the defense of the house on the Frauenplan.
The barricading of the kitchen and the cellar against the wild pillaging soldiery was her work. Goethe noted in his diary: Preservation of the house through steadfastness and luck. August and Ottilie had three children: Christiane von Goethe died fsust Johann reflected, “There is nothing more charming to see than a mother with her child in her arms, and there is nothing more venerable than a mother among a number of her johzn. AfterGoethe devoted his endeavours primarily to literature.
ByGoethe volfang on amiable terms with Kaspar Maria von Sternberg. Inhaving recovered from a near fatal heart illness, Goethe fell in love with Ulrike von Levetzow whom he wanted to marry, but because of the opposition of her mother he never proposed.
Their last meeting in Carlsbad on 5 September inspired him to the famous Marienbad Elegy which he considered one of his finest works. Goethe, now in his seventies, was greatly volfgahg by the child, leading to perhaps the earliest confirmed comparison with Mozart in the following conversation between Goethe and Zelter:.
Mendelssohn was invited to meet Goethe on several later occasions,  and set a number of Goethe’s poems to music. InGoethe volfgqng in Weimar of apparent heart failure. His last words, according to his doctor Carl Vogel, were, Mehr Licht! Eckermann closes his famous work, Conversations with Goethewith this passage:.
The morning after Goethe’s death, a deep desire seized me to look once again upon his earthly garment. His faithful servant, Frederick, opened for me the chamber in which he was laid out.
Stretched upon his back, he reposed volfganb if asleep; profound peace and security reigned in the features of his sublimely noble countenance.
The mighty brow seemed yet to harbour thoughts. I wished for a lock of his hair; but reverence prevented me from cutting it off.